Weight Loss & Toning = 80% Diet & 20% Training

You are probably hearing it more and more often that what you eat will help you further your fat loss goals more significantly than how often you work out.

"You can't out train a bad diet".

This is due to a number of reasons, including the fact that we burn far fewer calories than expected during a workout, and it’s incredibly easy to eat those calories right back after the gym. So is the 80% diet, 20% exercise really the way for fat loss?

Absolutely with no exceptions. 

To lose 1lb (0.45kg), you need to achieve a 3,500-calorie deficit. If you’re following the 80/20 rule, you ideally want to burn about 750 calories through exercise within the week and the rest comes from dietary changes.

To put this whole 80/20 rule into perspective you would need to run about 7-10 miles a day (depending on the individual) to burn that 1lb of fat. This is, not time practical for most of us, the average person can’t keep up this pace without suffering injury and significantly increasing their caloric intake in order to fuel them through the run and this amount of running is not going to be helpful when your looking to get that toned look. Follow the link for why just cardio wont make you toned. The Secret To a Toned Look.

This doesn't mean you just cut out exercise it offers so many health benefits and if looking toned or putting on some serious muscle is the ultimate goal it is essential.

 

Why fat loss can slow down.

Eating less food and lowering your body fat stores is perceived as an indicator of low energy availability by your body. So to prevent yourself from "starving" while in a prolonged fat loss phase your body makes metabolic adaptations that promote a decrease in energy expenditure and an increase in caloric intake.

This means that the leaner you become, the less energy your body tends to expend through spontaneous activity, exercise activity, and while at rest. Overall satiety levels also tend to decrease while hunger increases over time, which can lead to a consuming more food.

This helps explain why fat loss generally slows down if you have been dieting for several months.

Don't get frustrated, its a journey, at this point vary your training programme to keep your body guessing, monitor your calorie intake and adjust as needed, remember time and consistency are key to sustainable  fat loss.

Want a Faster Metabolism?

For a faster metabolism all you need to do is grow some muscle! Muscle is what we call metabolically active tissue. This means that your body expends calories to maintain it while you are at rest. The more muscle you have the more calories are required.

HOWEVER, Because of this, a common thing I see with clients is that they believe once they gain some muscle they can eat a lot more food and still stay lean.

This is not really the case, research shows that the effects of muscle growth on your metabolic rate shows only a very small increase. For every 1lb (0.45kg) of muscle you gain, most people will burn an additional 6-10 calories per day.

So if you want to have one extra 200 calorie snack each day, you will need to gain upwards of 20 lbs (9kg) of muscle, which can take years to accomplish.

The Afterburn Effect & Weight Loss

The EPOC or "afterburn-effect" refers to the number of calories you burn after your workout to bring your body back to its normal resting state.

One study shows a slight elevation of 7% in resting energy expenditure (REE) for up to 72 hours after resistance exercise in untrained individuals, however In trained individuals, a 2013 study suggests this effect is insignificant.

Evidence for cardio for the afterburn effect shows the higher the intensity, the greater post-exercise REE.

In short, what most of us know as the "afterburn-effect" exists and often does slightly contribute to your daily energy expenditure, but it's far from the secret of fat loss. The actual additional caloric expenditure that is achieved is quite small generally 7-14% of the energy expended during exercise and therefore is not enough to put you in a caloric deficit on its own.

How To Lose Stubborn Belly Fat.

If you want to lose stubborn belly fat, performing more sit-ups (not exactly useful) or taking faddy supplements (can even be dangerous to your health) is not the right way to do it. Consistency and patience is the name of the game here.

A 2011 study examined the effects of abdominal training on abdominal fat in young adults over a 6-week period. The researchers found no significant decrease in belly fat, so doing more crunches won't give you abs. Current evidence also doesn't seem to support that there is a supplement that will burn fat from your belly.

Basically, there is no magic answer here. It simply comes down to consistently hitting a healthy long term caloric deficit. When you reduce your overall body fat percentage, there eventually needs to be a drop in fat in the stubborn areas.